Monarch Conservation Toolbox

Best Management Practices

Region 3 National Wildlife Refuge System Pollinator Guidance for Grassland Management Activities

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)

United States


Land Use / Land Cover
Farm or adjacent, Multiple Categories

Agency Type

Target or Affiliated Species or Habitat

Publication Type

Original Language

This report introduces prescriptive National Wildlife Refuge lands BMP guidance for pollinator conservation, directed toward field station land managers. Recommendations are outlined for a range of management practices, including mowing or haying, grazing, prescribed burning, invasive plant removal, pesticide application, and agricultural production. Land managers are instructed to identify specific pollinators that are present and using project areas, to determine applicable practices. Haying and grazing BMPs are required elements for new or updated compatibility determinations.

Consideration of the effects of conservation measures on pollinators, including documentation, is required for existing compatibility determinations. BMPs outline the appropriate timing, extent, frequency and methods for management activities with respect to pollinators and pollinator habitat. Guidelines are somewhat specific and brief. Monarch habitat is not specifically addressed (USFWS 2015).

  • US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 2015. Region 3 National Wildlife Refuge System pollinator guidance for grassland management activities. Unpublished report.

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